You should assume that your paper is aimed at someone with a good working knowledge of your particular field.
For example, a paper about evolutionary adaptations need not go into too much detail about Darwin – it’s assumed your reader already has this knowledge..
It can be a tricky part of the paper to write, so many scientists and researchers prefer to write it last, to make sure they haven’t missed anything important.
For a longer research paper, where you use an outline, it can be useful to structure your introduction around the outline. The introduction gives an overall review of the paper, but does address a few slightly different issues from the abstract.
Explain such information at the very beginning, in your introduction.
By doing this, you minimize the risk of your readers to puzzle on what you’re talking about.After all, a weakness in your paper might later inspire another research question, so be very clear about your assumptions early on.The text in this article is licensed under the Creative Commons-License Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0).This means you're free to copy, share and adapt any parts (or all) of the text in the article, as long as you give appropriate credit and provide a link/reference to this page. You don't need our permission to copy the article; just include a link/reference back to this page.You can use it freely (with some kind of link), and we're also okay with people reprinting in publications like books, blogs, newsletters, course-material, papers, wikipedia and presentations (with clear attribution).This advice is of key importance in case you’re developing a new theory which uses an existing terminology.In case your paper is devoted to social science or humanities, you have an opportunity to use some creative methods.In many fields, this could make up an entire essay in itself, so be careful to stick to only relevant information.The background then leads into the rationale behind the research, revealing whether it is building upon previous research, looking at something that everybody else has overlooked, or improving upon a previous research project that delivered unclear results.You should also highlight any assumptions that you make about conditions during the research.You should set out your basic principles before embarking upon the experiment: any research will be built around some assumptions.