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Management Capabilities and Performance of Firms in the Russian Federation (English) Using the management and operational practices survey in the Russian Federation, this paper finds that an average Russian manufacturing firm adopts 43 percent of the structured management practices (a score of 0.43), a value that is far from the frontier (for example, the United States scores 0.62).
Between 20, the 90/10 log hourly earnings ratio decreased by 26 percent.
The decline since 2002 was characterized by rising wages across the board, but especially among those at the bottom of the wage distribution in each country.
After controlling for work conditions, informal workers do not have statistically significantly lower job satisfaction and under no specification are informal workers more likely to self-assess worse health than formal workers.
Finally, there is some association between informal employment and household poverty and life satisfaction, but it is not robust to changes in econometric specification or sample composition.
The authors conclude that the evidence indicates that informal employment in the Russian Federation is mostly a problem of labor productivity and the design of the social protection system, but worsening wages and some association between informality and household poverty indicate that informality may also be a social equity problem.
See Less - Fiscal Rules for the Western Balkans (English) Policy toward fiscal rules is an important issue in the countries of the Western Balkans (Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Kosovo, Montenegro, North Macedonia, and Serbia).
Using this model, the current tax-benefit system in Russia is examined.
The impact of the system is measured across the income distribution, age groups, family types, localities, as well as across time.
This result points to the possibility of inefficient allocation of resources, such that learning and selection mechanism does not weed out the badly managed firms, perhaps due to the lack of pro-competitive forces.
See Less - RUSMOD -- A Tool for Distributional Analysis in the Russian Federation (English) The purpose of this paper is to introduce applications of RUSMOD -- a microsimulation model for fiscal incidence analysis in the Russian Federation.