The New Hampshire State Constitution in use today was adopted in 1783. The North Carolina State Constitution currently in use was adopted in 1971 13 – Rhode Island – May 29, 1790 Last of the thirteen original states to ratify the U. Constitution, Rhode Island was admitted to the Union May 29, 1790.
The Rhode Island State Constitution in current use was adopted in 1986. The current Ohio State Constitution in use was adopted in 1851 18 – Louisiana – April 30, 1812 Known as “The Pelican State,” Louisiana was the eighteenth admitted to the United States, ratifying the U. Constitution April 30, 1812 just before the start of the War of 1812. Constitution admitting it to the Union as the twenty-seventh state.
The amendment’s purpose is intended to strengthen the Founders’ resolve that each American maintains ownership of the United States government on every level, and to which each entrusts a position of leadership among its elected. Constitution, Federalist Papers among other founding discussions, displays how the smaller governing bodies magnify local control each American citizen must keep.
In this way, the American people remain free to govern themselves through leaders they choose. This control within agreed upon, respective state constitutions ensures governing remains surrendered the American people to an unreachable federal level that cannot be checked or replaced by each citizen who put it there.
Indiana is known as “The Hoosier State.” 20 – Mississippi – December 10, 1817 “The Magnolia State” of Mississippi is the twentieth admitted to the Union, having ratified the U. The 1857 Iowa State Constitution is the adopted version currently in use 30 – Wisconsin – May 29, 1848 Thirtieth to join the United States, Wisconsin, known as “The Badger State,” ratified the U. The California State Constitution adopted in 1879 is the version currently in use; the Mexican War and Compromise of 1850 32 – Minnesota – May 11, 1858 Minnesota ratified the U. Constitution May 11, 1858 making it the thirty-second to join the United States.
The current Minnesota State Constitution in use today was adopted in 1857.The current Delaware State Constitution in use was adopted in 1897 2 – Pennsylvania – December 12, 1787 Birthplace of independence and the United States Constitution. The Pennsylvania State Constitution currently in use was adopted in 1968 3 – New Jersey – December 18, 1787 Third of the thirteen original states to ratify the U. Constitution and join the United States, “The Garden State” of New Jersey entered the United States December 18, 1787.“The Keystone State,” Pennsylvania is second of the thirteen original states to ratify the U. The New Jersey State Constitution in use today was adopted in 1948 4 – Georgia – January 2, 1788 Georgia is fourth of the thirteen original states to ratify the U. Constitution to join the United States of America January 2, 1788. The Georgia State Constitution that is the latest version and currently in use was adopted in 1983.The Massachusetts State Constitution adopted its current one in use was adopted in 1780 7 – Maryland – April 28, 1788 Maryland is the seventh state admitted to the United States, ratifying the U. Maryland is known as the “Old Line State.” 8 – South Carolina – May 23, 1788 The eighth state to ratify the U. Constitution, South Carolina, was admitted to the United States May 23, 1788.It was also the first state to secede from the Union.The Washington State Constitution was adopted in 1889 and is the version in use today Modern State and the Capacity for Political Liberty of Citizens to Participate in Civil Governance –Debate on ‘overseas empire’ and its implications for federalism as structured within the U. Constitution 43 – Idaho – July 3, 1890 Known as “The Gem State,” Idaho ratified the U. Constitution July 3, 1890 admitting the forty-third state to the Union. Known as “The Equality State,” it currently uses the Wyoming State Constitution adopted in 1889 45 – Utah – January 4, 1896 Utah makes the forty-fifth state to ratify the U. Constitution, admitting it to the Union January 4, 1896. The New Mexico State Constitution used today is the version adopted on the same day as its statehood, January 6, 1912. The Arizona State Constitution in use today was adopted in 1912 A Growing United States to World War I (1914-1918), the Great Depression and New Deal to the Gulf War (1990-1991) 49 – Alaska – January 3, 1959 Known as “The Last Frontier,” Alaska was the forty-ninth to ratify the U. The federal district is named for Christopher Columbus, and officially the nation’s capital became the District of Columbia on February 21, 1871; the Twenty-Third Amendment to the United States Constitution provides D. ability to participate in the Electoral College Statewide Leadership and Representation Form of Government – Purpose and impact of Article IV, Section 4 of the U. Constitution in that “The United States Shall guarantees to every state in the Union a Republican Form of Government” – How the republican (representative) styles such as Commission Form, County Administrator, Elected Executive, City-County Consolidation, Constitutional Row Offices or Home Rule Authority ensures power remains in the hands of each American, preventing a monarchy or aristocracy in each state and local government State Legislatures – History and purpose of state legislatures, and in relation to Congress regarding legislative sessions Guest Essayist: Nandi Randolph, Policy Analyst, Delaware Family Policy Council State Senators – Role and purpose, how a state senate (upper chamber) is smaller than a state house of representatives (lower chamber), yet each senator represents more people than the representatives Guest Essayist: Mary Salamon, Author, The Government and Its People; Former Publisher, Marysville Tulalip Life Magazine; Former Washington State Leader, Governors Prayer Team State Representatives – Role and purpose of state representatives Guest Essayist: Mary Salamon, Author, The Government and Its People; Former Publisher, Marysville Tulalip Life Magazine; Former Washington State Leader, Governors Prayer Team Speaker of the State House of Representatives – How chosen in most states, speaker purpose and roles Guest Essayist: Mary Salamon, Author, The Government and Its People; Former Publisher, Marysville Tulalip Life Magazine; Former Washington State Leader, Governors Prayer Team Attorney General – Role and purpose for attorneys general of the states; history, and as compared to the Attorney General of the United States County and City Leadership, and Representation “All Politics is Local” – The view that “all politics is local” and why; purpose for the amount of local governments that exist such as counties, municipalities, towns and townships, special districts and school districts within the United States; effects of sparse versus dense geographic areas represented, urban versus rural for effective, constitutional representation County Leadership – Elected and appointed county roles; purpose and impact of county boards, county executives, county managers, assessor, treasurer, supervisor, commissioners; history and development of counties and their governance, functions of the county seat; how some are airport hubs, for example, and maintain other significant functions different from city government; relationship to state level leadership for local management of statewide issues City Leadership – Elected and appointed city roles; purpose of city council and impact of local city councils, city managers, administrators and other municipal, legislative bodies; role of a mayor, and significance in how states differ regarding the mayoral role as compared to other elected seats; how in some states a city mayor may carry significant power as compared to that of the governor; examples such as Mayors Robert Moses or Rudy Giuliani of New York City and how each, in his service, affected not only the city but the entire state Home Rule or Dillon Rule?The Idaho State Constitution currently use today was adopted on the same day as the state’s admission to the Union, July 3, 1890 44 – Wyoming – July 10, 1890 July 10, 1890 marks the admission of Wyoming as the forty-fourth state to ratify the U. Utah became known as “The Beehive State” and currently uses the Utah State Constitution adopted in 1896 46 – Oklahoma – November 16, 1907 Forty-sixth to ratify the U. Constitution was “The Sooner State,” Oklahoma, thus admitting it to the United States. & Libby Blankenship Chair in the History of Liberty; Director of the Center for the History of Liberty, The University of Oklahoma 47 – New Mexico – January 6, 1912 Admitted to the United States January 6, 1912, New Mexico became the forty-seventh state to ratify the U. New Mexico is known as “The Enchanted State.” 48 – Arizona – February 14, 1912 “The Grand Canyon State” of Arizona became the forty-eighth and last of the contiguous states to enter the Union, ratifying the U. – Meaning, purpose and impact of “Home Rule” or “Dillon Rule” authority, how each works for local government in comparison to state; initiative and referendum, delegation and management to make and implement local policy decisions as made by voters and local leadership State Supreme Courts – How state supreme courts work in relation to the United States Supreme Court; how America’s Founders intended the nation’s judiciary would serve as lower than, and not superior to, the legislative branch in order only to function as interpreter and not maker of law; Alexander Hamilton in Federalist 78, “The interpretation of the laws is the proper and peculiar province of the courts.” Judicial Finality and Effects on State and Local Government – Reconsidering Judicial Finality, an essay by Louis Fisher from his book on Reconsidering Judicial Finality and the Supreme Court, with an emphasis on state and local effects Funding State and Local Government Taxation and the States – Concerns that the Constitution did not explicitly restrain elected officials by specific limitations on the taxing power, then they will use the taxation power to extend the reach of federal government Funding States and Cities: How Dollars Work – Connection to Congress regarding funding of states and municipalities; how taxes, which is how governments have money, work for the United States as a whole and individual states down to the most local levels; what and how from federal, to state, to county, to city gets funded Funding States and Cities: The Arguments – Why America’s founders wanted limited government; what this means in relation to the ongoing arguments presented by America’s voters and their elected representatives for and against raising and lowering taxes Elections: State, County and City Apportionment – Population and how it works to affect development of not only congressional representation, but also city, county and state governing bodies, and districts The Federal Government’s “Duty to Dispose” of Public Lands – When states became states, and the federal government’s failure to make good on the agreement Guest Essayist: Andrew Langer, President, Institute for Liberty; Host, The Langer Cast, RELMNetwork.com; Constituting America Fellow Land and the States – How the massive ownership of federal lands in western states negatively impacts state and local governance Guest Essayist: Andrew Langer, President, Institute for Liberty; Host, The Langer Cast, RELMNetwork.com; Constituting America Fellow Would the United States Exist Without Borders?Georgia is known as “The Peach State” or “Empire State of the South.” 5 – Connecticut – January 9, 1788 Fifth of the thirteen original states to ratify the U. Constitution, Connecticut was admitted to the United States January 9, 1788.The Connecticut State Constitution currently in use was adopted in 1965, and is known as “The Constitution State.” 6 – Massachusetts – February 6, 1788 “The Bay State,” Massachusetts, is sixth of the thirteen original states to ratify the U. Constitution and thus be admitted to the Union of the United States. The current Maryland State Constitution in use was adopted in 1867.What [...]If the author truly believes what he writes, he really has no comprehension of the forces that drive Mr. What is fascist about saying that illegal immigration is wrong and should be stopped - that is why it is illegal!What is wrong with saying that NATO is an outdated organization that should have been disbanded with the fall of the Warsaw Pact or saying that Russia is not a foe and we should stop treating it as such.