Following the introduction of compulsory federal voting in 1924, this figure jumped to between 91% and 96%.
Supporters of compulsory voting also argue that voting addresses the paradox of voting, which is that for a rational, self-interested voter, the costs of voting will normally exceed the expected benefits.
Athenian democracy held that it was every citizen's duty to participate in decision making, but attendance at the assembly was voluntary.
Sometimes there was some form of social opprobrium to those not participating.
Voting for indigenous Australians was introduced in 1949, but enrolment and having one's name marked on the voting register was not compulsory for indigenous Australians until 1984.
Compulsory voting is a generalised view that democratic election of governing representatives is the responsibility of citizens, rather than a right afforded citizens constitutionally to nominate representatives.
For example, most Christadelphians believe that they should not participate in political events.
Forcing them to vote ostensibly denies them their freedom of religious practice.
It is also argued that since campaign funds are not needed to goad voters to the polls, the role of money in politics decreases.
Moreover, campaign funds can be directed towards explaining policies to voters.