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The process of evaluating qualitative research is explored by using an evaluative framework to further explain some of the terminology that researchers use.
It is more important therefore for qualitative researchers to ensure that participants have experienced the phenomenon rather than randomly selecting people who may not be able to answer the questions.
Was data collected in a way that addressed the research issue? The terminology used in some professional journals would require inexperienced readers to explore meanings further.
There are several frameworks for critiquing research,.
easily understood by returning to the example used in ...
Some research questions are best addressed by qualitative enquiry and others by quantitative enquiry.
Returning to the example of hypertension, a researcher who chooses to ask patients about their experiences of receiving different treatments for hypertension is clearly seeking to use a qualitative paradigm, as the patients’ thoughts and feelings are being considered, so qualitative (non-numerical) data will be collected.It would not be possible to use the quantitative paradigm and collect numerical data for this.Was the research design appropriate to address the aims of the research?Was the recruitment strategy appropriate to the aims of the research?Recruitment to any research project is an important consideration but qualitative researchers often want to obtain the thoughts or opinions of a specific group of people who have experienced a phenomenon.The intended aim(s) of the research should therefore be stated and the questions the research seeks to address should be identified.NT 18 July 2006 Vol 102 No 29 Author Polly Lee, MSc, BA, RSCN, RGN, RM, Dip N, ILTM, is lecturer in child health nursing, City University, London. (2006) Understanding and critiquing qualitative research papers. This article, the last in a series on research, examines the steps involved in qualitative research before introducing more terminology regarding the different approaches to qualitative studies.The research approach normally influences its design.That is, the research design tells readers how the researcher actually implemented the research approach.After reading the article you should be able to: 30 l Understand the nature and purpose of qualitative research; l Know the role of critiquing frameworks; l Understand what these frameworks aim to achieve; l Be familiar with how qualitative research can help practitioners. Commonly used research frameworks l Benton and Cormack (2000) l Bray and Rees (1995) l nhs.uk/casp/approaches (methodologies).These may be more easily understood by returning to the example used in the first article of the series.