Sections Of A Scientific Research Paper

This section outline how to lay out the parts of a research paper, including the various experimental methods and designs.The principles for literature review and essays of all types follow the same basic principles.You are also trying to explain why you chose this area of research, attempting to highlight why it is necessary.

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Look at the benefits to be gained by the research or why the problem has not been solved yet.

Perhaps nobody has thought about it, or maybe previous research threw up some interesting leads that the previous researchers did not follow up.

It’s important to make sure that every piece of information in your discussion is directly related to the thesis statement, or you risk cluttering your findings.

In keeping with the hourglass principle, you can expand on the topic later in the conclusion.

A commentary is essential to linking the results together, rather than just displaying isolated and unconnected charts and figures.

It can be quite difficult to find a good balance between the results and the discussion section, because some findings, especially in a quantitative or descriptive experiment, will fall into a grey area. It is best to try to find a middle path, where you give a general overview of the data and then expand on it in the discussion - you should try to keep your own opinions and interpretations out of the results section, saving that for the discussion later on.For quantitative research, it is a presentation of the numerical results and data, whereas for qualitative research it should be a broader discussion of trends, without going into too much detail.For research generating a lot of results, then it is better to include tables or graphs of the analyzed data and leave the raw data in the appendix, so that a researcher can follow up and check your calculations.Another researcher may have uncovered some interesting trends, but did not manage to reach the significance level, due to experimental error or small sample sizes.The research problem does not have to be a statement, but must at least imply what you are trying to find.This is where you elaborate on your findings, and explain what you found, adding your own personal interpretations.Ideally, you should link the discussion back to the introduction, addressing each point individually.You may have finished the best research project on earth but, if you do not write an interesting and well laid out paper, then nobody is going to take your findings seriously.The main thing to remember with any research paper is that it is based on an hourglass structure.The third part should give the reader a quick summary of the form that the parts of the research paper is going to take and should include a condensed version of the discussion.This should be the easiest part of the paper to write, as it is a run-down of the exact design and methodology used to perform the research.


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