One reason for this was the dynasty’s decision to nationalize a number of important industries (including salt and iron production), thereby allowing the Han leaders to fund a large standing army that was unusually well-armed (Scarre 395).
This combination of effective governance and military power, combined with an economy that could support a large population of 58 million people, allowed the Han dynasty to prosper at the expense of its neighbors.
Italy is not broken up into small, isolated valleys.
Italy has fertile plains in the West and North that supported the growing population. The Tiber River aided the Romans in trade and provided protection at the same time.
Through military might, administrative genius, and architectural achievement, the Roman Empire was able to assume dominance over Northern Africa, the Middle East, and most of Europe.
It maintained that dominance until its decline due to a variety of factors.The ascension of the Han Empire came at a time when much of the rest of the world was also being consolidated under the rule of powerful kingdoms.India was divided between two kingdoms that would eventually unite to form the Gupta Empire, which would bring a “golden age” similar to that experienced by China.In Mesoamerica, the Maya Empire was experiencing a similar metamorphosis that would create an urbanized and advanced culture.Most importantly, the height of the Han Empire’s power coincided with the transition of Rome from a republic to an empire.The might of the Roman Empire originated from many of the things that made the Han Empire so strong.Although Julius Caesar is usually considered the first Emperor, it was Augustus who “consolidated and expanded the Roman Empire,” stabilizing and reinforcing the frontiers in the process (Scarre 309).Among the early settlers who settled in Rome were the Latins, Greek-colonists and the Etruscans, who lived mostly North of Rome.The main significance about these two empires are the governmental forms.The powerful empires that arose in Europe and China during the ancient period were similar in many ways.The Roman Empire was, in some ways, the culmination of the technological and intellectual advancements that had been enjoyed by Mediterranean cultures for centuries.