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and Malcolm X are two of the most well-known advocates for black equality that the country has ever seen.The two fought for equality at a time when black Americans were treated with no respect or dignity and had little to no rights at all.In this research, I provided an insight into the background of the name “X” and Malcolm X’s fallout with the Nation of Islam based on historical accuracy and a perspective on the civil rights factions based on historical relevance.
Synopsis Malcolm X was born as Malcolm Little, on 19th May 1925, the seventh child of his father. At young age, he witnessed or was told of the implications of vicious racism against the Blacks such as the murders of his father and uncles, rape of his grandmother, extreme poverty and the separation of his family by social agency. Throughout his stay at detention home and schools, he felt he wasn’t treated with the same sensitivity as the white boys. He requested to live with his half sister in Boston where he felt a sense of belonging in the black ghettos.
 Soon enough he was involved in the underworld; smoked marijuana, peddled reefer, hustles and robberies. He was caught for burglaries and sentenced to 10 years of imprisonment. While in prison, his family converted to Islam and they continuously preached about the Nation of Islam (NOI) to Malcolm X. He read extensively and wrote frequently to the supreme leader of NOI, Elijah Muhammad. Once out of prison, he was actively involved in the temples (mosques) and tried to recruit the blacks with his fiery lectures.. He was made Minister Malcolm X and he managed to arouse blacks’ sentiment with his firebrand oratory. Throughout his days in NOI, he constantly attacked the idea of integration and the black leaders who supported it. Instead, he advocated complete separation from the white men. Since 1961, he heard rumors depicting him as trying to take over NOI and make a lot of money. Things exacerbated when he suspected Elijah Muhammad of adultery and envious Muslim officials took advantage to discredit him, which lead to his suspension. He left NOI and made a pilgrimage to Mecca, where he experienced sincere brotherhood. He tried to convey his new insights into the black man’s struggle and toned down his racist perspective. He promoted race based cooperation and appealed for Black Nationalism. He was aware that he was living with borrowed time since he left NOI, and on 21 February 1965, he was assassinated.
This movement was widely popular in the early 1960s but I discovered that since 1966, blacks were becoming disillusioned with their deemed lack of progress. Many were beginning to share Malcolm X’s sentiment that these educated blacks leaders have been echoing the white man’s thinking which led to exploitation.The integrationist, non violence movement was also severely challenged by a rising tide of political conservatism, economic woes, Vietnam War and growing sentiments of racial separatism among blacks. It is not surprising that given the slow pace of change, many people were losing faith in the establishment, democratic process and nonviolence and they were beginning to seek control the political and cultural life of their own black’s communities. Hence, we start to see the shift to militancy as blacks resorted to the separatist groups; those including Malcolm X and NOI campaigned for separation from the white men. They claimed that the white men never sincerely wanted integration. Dismayed by great political and economic disparities between themselves and white Americans, young blacks became catalyst for an increasingly radical turn in the civil rights movement..
Undoubtedly, Malcolm’s militant advocacy of self-defense helped radicalize other black leaders of the movement, which is perhaps why Malcolm has always been associated with radicals and violence. However, my readings and understanding have shown that Malcolm X never resort to actual physical violence.
They considered their European names slave names assigned by slave masters to mark their ownership and hence, they replaced the names with “X” while waiting for their Islamic names. Next, I would like to highlight the fallout between Malcolm X and NOI.
Sample Of A Phd Research Proposal - Research Papers On Malcolm X
Malcolm X cited envy, immoral behavior of Elijah Muhammad who fathered several illegitimate child and attempted assassination as the main causes for him to leave NOI. However, I read that various sources have different interpretations.
Historical Relevance The book raised many thought provoking situations and questions that raised my doubts and ultimately comprehension on the history of the United States, especially in the 1960s.
I believe that the understanding of the two factions in the civil rights movement is arguably the most enlightening insight into the blacks’ history in the 1960s.
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