Pros And Cons Of Bilingual Education Essay

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Neighborhood based programs and magnet schools attract specifics groups of students.

While neighborhood based programs only enroll students from the local neighborhood, magnet schools enroll students throughout the district.

Benefits of Bilingual Education The Federal government passed the Bilingual Education Act in 1968.

This Act provided funding to any district that would integrate English and the native language of the student in the classrooms.

They believe that the funding for this program is too expensive.

In this case, money is used as a reason for not wanting a program that helps students.Usually in the first or second year of instruction, in the model, students spend 90 percent of their instructional day with content delivered through the partner language.Over the course of primary grades, instruction in the second language decreases while instruction in English increases.Other variable features stemming from local policy or budget decisions include staffing, special resources, summer sessions and language classes for parents (Christian, 70).Amongst all differences, programs vary in design choices and can be grouped as either allocation of languages or student integration.For example, programs with a first come, first served policy does not guarantee this balance because it may enroll more language majority than language minority students or vice versa. Some may consider language background and proficiency while others may screen students for other characteristics like learning disabilities.Many of these programs set an upper limit and prevent newcomers from joining the program at upper level grades.The allocation of languages design focuses on the distribution of both languages while the student integration design focuses on integrating language majority and language minority students rather than separate them.Long-term Effects Emerging results from program evaluations around the country point to their effectiveness in promoting academic achievement for minority and majority student, along with high levels of bilingual proficiency for both groups (Christian, 72).They favored instead some form of “English immersion.” Educators and policy makers continue to wage bitter debates on the issue, with each of the opposing camps claiming that research studies support its position.Some experts say the debate should focus instead on providing more resources, including more and better-trained teachers.


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