Poultry Term Papers

Rather, the answer may lie with the context in which we usually encounter them and how their use interacts with perceptions of their intelligence.

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This asymmetry in the literature is likely a reflection of, as well as a contributor to, the disconnect scientists and the public have between chickens as commodities and who they actually are as individuals.

But chickens have much in common with other avian species.

A recent book on the behavioral biology of chickens by Nicol () is recommended for a much more comprehensive and wide-ranging description of studies of chicken cognition and behavior.

The purpose of this paper is twofold: first, to gain a better understanding of the minds of chickens from the best scientific literature, separating fact from fiction; two, to identify compelling areas for future noninvasive research.

When asked to rate the typicality of chickens as a member of the more general category of birds, raters usually give chickens a low score indicating that they are not considered typical birds (Malt and Smith ).

Therefore, even considerations of birds in general may not apply very well to chickens.

Now, more than ever, this simple realization has a special relevance because of the recent transformation in our scientific knowledge of birds in general.

In the past few years, numerous studies have shown that there is no “bright line” between “avian” and “mammalian” intelligence and complexity; complex intelligence is found in both birds, mammals, and also fish (Brown ).

Thus, arguably, perceptions of chickens shape their use as commodities which, in turn, then reinforces those original perceptions.

Animals are typically classified according to the kinds of attributes they possess (Mervis and Rosch ).

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