In fact, if you've written research papers, you've already written syntheses.
The skills you've already been practicing in this course will be vital in writing syntheses.
Clearly, before you're in a position to draw relationships between two or more sources, you must understand what those sources say; in other words, you must be able to summarize these sources.
USING YOUR SOURCES Your purpose determines not only what parts of your sources you will use but also how you will relate them to one another.
Since the very essence of synthesis is the combining of information and ideas, you must have some basis on which to combine them.
THE EXPLANATORY SYNTHESIS: An explanatory synthesis helps readers to understand a topic.
Writers explain when they divide a subject into its component parts and present them to the reader in a clear and orderly fashion.If you imagine a synthesis essay as a room in which the synthesis writer is joined by the authors of her/his sources, the 4.0, 3.5, or 3.0 essay has everyone engaged in conversation or debate, with everyone commenting on (or arguing against) each other's ideas directly.In the 2.5 and below essay, each person in the room stands up in turn, gives a speech, and sits down, with little or no question and answer period in between or afterward.4.A 4.0, 3.5, or 3.0 paper will create a "dialogue" between the essay author's ideas and her sources, and also among the sources themselves.2.5 and below evaluations will often summarize one point at a time, with the essay author's idea stated at the end.Is the information in source B, for example, an extended illustration of the generalizations in source A?Would it be useful to compare and contrast source C with source B?While you might use the same sources in writing an argumentative essay as your classmate uses in writing a comparison/contrast essay, you will make different uses of those sources based on the different purposes of the assignments.What you find worthy of detailed analysis in Source A may be mentioned only in passing by your classmate.PURPOSE Your purpose in reading source materials and then in drawing upon them to write your own material is often reflected in the wording of an assignment.For example, your assignment may ask that you evaluate a text, argue a position on a topic, explain cause and effect relationships, or compare and contrast items.