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Early English translations of the novel used titles like An Eagle Flight (1900) and The Social Cancer (1912), disregarding the symbolism of the title, but the more recent translations were published using the original Latin title.
The following day, Crisóstomo returns to Capitan Tiago's home in order to meet with his childhood sweetheart, Tiago's daughter María Clara.
The two flirt and reminisce in the azotea, a porch overlooking the river.
Capitan Tiago, a family friend, bids him to spend his first night in Manila where Tiago hosts a reunion party at his riverside home on Anloague Street. At dinner he encounters old friends, Manila high society, and Padre Dámaso, San Diego's old curate at the time Ibarra left for Europe.
Dámaso treats Crisóstomo with hostility, surprising the young man who took the friar to be a friend of his father.
María reads back to Crisóstomo his farewell letter wherein he explained to her Rafael's wish for Crisóstomo to set out, to study in order to become a more useful citizen of the country.
Seeing Crisóstomo agitated at the mention of his father, however, María playfully excuses herself, promising to see him again at her family's San Diego home during the town fiesta.Rizal entitled this novel as such drawing inspiration from John of the Bible, the technical name of a particularly painful type of cancer (back in his time, it is unknown what is the modern name of said disease).He proposed to probe all the cancers of Filipino society that everyone else felt too painful to touch.Crisóstomo goes to the town cemetery upon reaching San Diego to visit his father's grave.However, he learns from the gravedigger that the town curate had ordered that Rafael's remains be exhumed and transferred to a Chinese cemetery. But the gravedigger confesses that on the night he dug up the corpse, it was raining hard and he feared for his own soul, so defying the order of the priest, he instead threw the body into the lake.Together with its sequel, El Filibusterismo, the reading of Noli is obligatory for high school students throughout the country.The two novels are widely considered as the national epic of the Philippines and are adapted in many forms such as operas, musicals, plays, and other forms of art.Initially, the novel was planned to cover and describe all phases of Filipino life, but almost everybody wanted to write about women.Rizal even saw his companions spend more time gambling and flirting with Spanish women.Paterno in Madrid on 2 January 1884, Rizal proposed the writing of a novel about the Philippines written by a group of Filipinos.His proposal was unanimously approved by the Filipinos present at the time, among whom were Pedro, Maximino Viola and Antonio Paterno, Graciano López Jaena, Evaristo Aguirre, Eduardo de Lete, Julio Llorente and Valentin Ventura. The people who agreed to help Rizal with the novel did not write anything.