Negative Population Growth Essay Scholarship 2013

Negative Population Growth Essay Scholarship 2013-49
Consequently, the effects of rural-urban migration in the rural places of origin of migrants may be manifest in two ways.First, the rural-urban migrants send remittances to their relatives in the rural areas and these remittance-receiving households use the remittances for various purposes.Also, another study in Anambra state found that many Igbo families encouraged their family members to migrate because of the belief that their continued stay in the village will not bring financial success [40].

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Households that receive these remittances tend to use the proceeds primarily for current consumption (food, clothing) as well as investments in children’s education, health care, improvement in household food and security, and water and sanitation.

Nevertheless, the ability of remittances to compensate the labour shortage in rural areas is still a function of the amounts and value of remittances received by migrants’ households at home, especially in the developing countries [27].

This is because the mass exodus of people from the overpopulated areas of Igboland has been one of the most spectacular phenomena of the 20th century in Nigeria [38].

Studies on migration in Southeastern Nigeria include an assessment of changes in urban-rural ties from 1961 to 1987 in Eastern Nigeria [39].

In different parts of the world, Nigeria inclusive, research has been carried out on the effects of migration on the migrants’ rural communities of origin.

Some of these studies include those of Glytsos [30] in Eastern Europe, Sibanda [31] in South Africa, Azam and Gubert [32] in Mali, Lucas [33] in Albania and Morocco, Nwajiuba [34] in Nigeria, Adams [2] in Latin America, Mc Kenzie [35], Taylor and Mora [36] in Mexico, Sorenson [11] in Somali, Pozo [37], and the World Bank [7] in developing countries.Recently, [42] carried out a study of rural-urban migration on the poverty status of migrants in urban areas of Abia state.In other parts of Nigeria, the factors associated with drift of youths from rural to urban areas in Kwara state have been examined [43]. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.Six rural local government areas (LGAs) were selected based on population size and spatial equity from two states of Southeastern Nigeria.It is also the existence of these projects and the uses of remittances derivable from the migration process that reflect the level of socioeconomic development that can be traceable to rural-urban migration [29].Therefore, the combination of these projects by migrants and the various uses of remittances in the past three years, according to the respondents, are what they see as indicators of development in their rural communities.Secondly, these rural-urban migrants execute various rural developmental projects in their rural areas of origin.In Nigeria, most migrants coming from a particular rural community to live in an urban area usually form rural community associations in the urban area. Data were obtained using mixed methods approach comprising questionnaire surveys and key informant interviews. This paper examined the effects of rural-urban migration on the rural communities of Southeastern Nigeria.


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