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In the last paragraph of your introduction, consider giving a section-by-section overview of your paper if it is appropriate for your field.For example, “In Section II, we describe our analysis methods and the datasets we used. In Section IV, we discuss the results and compare our findings with those in the literature.The basic structure can be as simple as “We aim to do X, which is important because it will lead to Y.” Once you’ve narrowed your focus to the specific topic of your study, you should thoroughly cover the most recent and most relevant literature pertaining to your study.
In the first paragraph, briefly describe the broad research area and then narrow down to your particular focus.
This will help position your research topic within the broader field, making the work accessible to a broader audience, not just to specialists in your field.
If you find that your introduction is too long or overflowing with citations, one possible solution is to cite review articles, rather than all the individual articles that have already been summarized in the review.
Consider the following sentence: “Many studies have found a significant association between X and Y [4-15].” This sentence cites too many studies at once.
One goal of the introduction is explaining why your research topic is worthy of study.
One of the most common pitfalls is to simply say, “Subject X is important.” Instead of simply saying that the topic is important, show .” In the introduction, if your paper is in a field that commonly summarizes the study’s main results before starting the methods, you should avoid stating too many detailed results because these results need the development in the other sections of your paper to be properly understood.
I would like to close with one last piece of advice: When you begin drafting a paper, the introduction should be one of the first things you plan.
The introduction serves as the roadmap for your paper; by clearly stating the study’s background, aims, and hypothesis/research question, the introduction can guide you as you write the rest of the paper.
For example, “A significant association has been found between X and Y in men [4-7], women [8-11], and children [12-15].” For research in empirical sciences, stating a hypothesis can be an effective way of framing the research.
For example, instead of stating “In this study, we show that X is related to Y by method A,” you could say, “In this study, we hypothesize that X is related to Y, and we use method A to test this hypothesis.” For research in formal sciences or exploratory research, you could consider stating a research question instead: “In this study, we examine the following research question: Is X related to Y?