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One of the American Romantics, Poe showed an interest in the power of emotions and often sought to...Poe is best known as the author of numerous spine-tingling stories of horror and suspense.Although he regarded himself primarily as a poet, he is one of the few indisputably great writers of the short story, alongside Guy de Maupassant and O. Besides redefining that form as a vehicle for literary art, Poe also contributed to the modern detective genre and wrote highly influential literary criticism.
In 1833, his tale of dread, "MS Found in a Bottle," won a $50 prize from the .
His exploration of horror fiction, which was to define Poe among future generations, thus began—and so, perhaps not coincidentally, began his lifelong dependency on drugs and alcohol.
Poe followed up his previous publications with a third collection of poems, , while he moved to Baltimore to live with his aunt Maria Clemm and his nine-year-old cousin Virginia.
In an attempt to remain afloat financially, he wrote prolifically; in 1832, five of Poe's short stories were published in the . Around this time, Poe discovered opium, soon to become a prominent feature of his life.
In 1839, Poe became an associate editor of until 1842, where he wrote a number of works, including the groundbreaking story of "ratiocination" (reasoning), "The Murders in the Rue Morgue.” Hard times followed and, barely managing to scrounge together carfare for his family, Poe moved to New York in 1844 to work for the .
1845 finally saw Poe crowned as a literary sensation in his country, with the publication of his hugely popular poem, "The Raven." Tragedy, however, was just around the corner.
Virginia died on January 30, 1847, causing the further deterioration of Poe's mental health.
Poe's violent mood swings became common as drugs and alcohol wore away at his body and mind, although he continued to publish works such as .
He made an attempt at rehabilitation, and he traveled to Richmond in 1849 to court a former friend, Mrs. Unfortunately, soon after their engagement, Poe was found in a stupor on a Baltimore street and was taken to a nearby hospital.
Four days later, on Sunday, October 7, he died at the age of 40.