The Shiva temple of Kanchipuram that is decorated with carvings dating back to a period between 6th to 9th centuries CE manifests the development of this dance form by around the mid first millennium CE.Many ancient Hindu temples are embellished with sculptures of Lord Shiva in Bharatanatyam dance poses.Tags: What A Cover Letter For A ResumeMichelle Obama Doctorate ThesisMy Favorite Sport EssayEssay By Robert FrostBreakfast Of Theme EssayEquality Rights EssayHow To Write A Better EssayCritical Thinking Workshops1991 Ap Biology Essay AnswersBenefit Of Critical Thinking
The theoretical base of this dance form, which is also referred as Sadir, trace back to ancient Indian theatrologist and musicologist, Bharata Muni’s Sanskrit Hindu text on the performing arts called ‘Natya Shastra’.
The text’s first complete version was presumably completed between 200 BCE to 200 CE, however such timeframe also varies between 500 BCE and 500 CE.
History & Evolution According to the Hindu tradition the name of the dance form was derived by joining two words, ‘Bharata’ and Natyam’ where ‘Natyam in Sanskrit means dance and ‘Bharata’ is a mnemonic comprising ‘bha’, ‘ra’ and ‘ta’ which respectively means ‘bhava’ that is emotion and feelings; ‘raga’ that is melody; and ‘tala’ that is rhythm.
Thus, traditionally the word refers to a dance form where bhava, raga and tala are expressed.
According to Russian scholar Natalia Lidova, ‘Natya Shastra’ elucidates several theories of Indian classical dances including that of Tandava dance, standing postures, basic steps, bhava, rasa, methods of acting and gestures.