Essay Civilization And Its Discontents

This is because, for some, dealing with the restrictions that society places on their primal nature becomes too much.

Essentially, Freud argues that civilization emanates from a desire by man for achieving individualistic goals.

However, this instinct disappears over the development of the person.

It does not disappear completely and reappears later in the life of an individual.

Freud argues that for man to share in the joys of civilization, feelings of aggression are turned towards oneself. Consequently, the superego allows the individual to share in society.

However, these feelings may be turned outwards, which results in war.Civilization and Its Discontent was Freud's last major work.It also happened to be the most influential of his works.In the book, Freud proposes that civilization is a way for individual human beings to deal with his violent and destructive nature.Freud argues that civilization emanates from the superego.Rather, it is driven by the desire to oppose this primal aggressive nature of man.Freud's argues that man's destructive drive is especially strong, this theory gained traction due to the advent of the First World War.Freud is also very critical of religion in this work.He argues that at childhood, a person has a strong urge for protection from the father.In his book, Freud argues that guilt and shame are some of the primary drivers for man to inhibit his primal urges.In addition to that, he firmly states that guilt is derived from the individuals desire to fulfill these urges.


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