Errors in the APA Style Guide Yes, the rumors you’ve heard are true: errors have been found in the 6th edition of the American Psychological Association (APA) Style Guide.
URLs URLs (uniform resource locators) provide the location for a source on the Internet. DOIs provide static, permanent online locations for sources.
However, URLs can often change, which causes problems for references because we're trying to send our readers to a specific location. They're also noticeably shorter than most URLs, which is handy!
The Chicago Manual of Style now includes new sections on preparing e-publications and guidance on citing electronic sources.
If you've been asked to format a paper according to the CMS, then your instructor is most likely referring to citations.
The Chicago Manual of Style recommends using this method both to avoid duplicate information and to make things simple for the reader.
If a bibliography is not used, then complete details for a work must be provided upon first mention."Title of Web Page." Name of Website or Publishing Organization.Publication Date and/or Access Date (if available). If you refer to a website in general, but not a specific part of that website, Chicago states that you can simply use an in-text citation with the website's name and URL.Here's an example: The American Library Association's Great Websites for Kids ( recommends websites that are relevant for children up to 14 years of age.If you need a more formal citation, use the example below.Your professor has assigned you a paper and requested it be done using the Chicago Manual of Style.All well and good, you think; except, what is the Chicago Manual of Style?The Chicago Manual of Style has two different citation systems: the Notes-Bibliography System (NB), which is used in the arts and humanities, and the Author-Date System, which is used in physical, natural, and social sciences.The NB system is most commonly used by those in the field of history.The sources are cited in the text—generally in parentheses—using the author's last name, the year of publication, and the page number if necessary. No matter which system is used, the Chicago Manual of Style advises that the most important factor in your citations is that sufficient information is provided to readers so they may find the sources themselves.The full details of the source are then provided in a reference or works cited list. It is also extremely important to cite all the sources you've used, lest you be accused of plagiarism.