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The current field of career counseling has been referred to by many different terms such as vocational counseling, career guidance, and vocational guidance.In fact, its definition has evolved to meet the changing context and needs of individuals within society.There was a strong need for services to help these new workers find their place in the employment structure and to provide a range of social services and social advocacy on their behalf.
Clinical psychologists can treat a wide range of patients, from mental disorders to emotional problems.
To get an easier and simpler idea of what a clinical psychologist does, Ferguson's Career Guidance Center's definition gives a good picture of a clinical psychologist’s job description, “Clinical psychologists concern themselves with people's mental and emotional disorders.
Parsons’ book Choosing a Vocation, which outlined his decision-making process, was published in 1909 after his death.
Parsons theorized that there were three broad decision-making factors: (a) a clear understanding of oneself, including one’s aptitudes, abilities, interests, and limitations; (b) a knowledge of the requirements, advantages, disadvantages, and prospects of jobs; and (c) the ability to reason regarding the relation of these two sets of facts.
Career counselors help clients within the context of a psychological relationship with issues such as making career choices and adjustments, dealing with career transitions, overcoming career barriers, and optimizing clients’ work lives across the life span.
Career counselors are cognizant of the many contextual factors present in the lives of their clients and of the ways in which social and emotional issues interplay with career issues.During the early writings about career counseling, it was described as a process of ‘‘matching men and jobs,’’ reflecting the basic function of helping primarily male workers find jobs.As the field progressed, its purview was widened to involve helping both men and women with their career development more broadly and including issues such as decision making, career adjustment, and career change.The origins of career counseling, broadly defined, can be found during early Greek and Roman times, but the roots of the field as is practiced today can be traced to the last half of the 1800s and the early 1900s in the United States.This was a time when the origins of the human sciences were forming, particularly in experimental psychology, with the work of Wilhelm Wundt.The scholarship committee wants to see how investing in your education will help your career. Career counseling is ongoing face-to-face interaction performed by individuals who have specialized training in the field to assist people in obtaining a clear understanding of themselves (e.g., interests, skills, values, personality traits) and to obtain an equally clear picture of the world of work so as to make choices that lead to satisfying work lives.Economically, this was a time of great turmoil and demographic change because the industrial revolution was under way and the country was moving from a primarily agrarian economy to an industrial-based economy.At this time, there was also an influx of immigrants, primarily from Europe, entering the country.Career Research Paper: Clinical Psychology Clinical psychology is just one of the many subfields that psychology has to offer.Those who choose to enter clinical psychology aim to help people with addiction, emotional stress, mental illness, or any other type of mental problems.