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Because citations are such an important part of research, you should follow directions precisely.Specific citations of pages or chapters: The study (Jones, 2004) found that “children tend to prefer grazing over set meal times” (p. The idea that “children tend to prefer grazing over set meal times” was documented in the study (Jones, 2004, p. Source with two authors: As Calhoun and Keller (1997) point out, “Income –based rankings are not the only measure of development” (p. Although income-based rankings are important, the “are not the only measure of development” (Calhoun & Keller, 1997, p. Three to five authors: The first time you mention the source, include it in your sentence and list all authors.However, when you are citing a particular document or piece of information from a website, include both a reference list entry and an in-text citation.
For a passing reference to a website in text, the URL is sufficient; no reference list entry is needed.
Gussie Fink-Nottle has set up a discussion forum for newt fanciers (
Their training techniques are based on the research described above indicating that comprehension improves with exposure to non-native speech. (2002) conducted their training with students preparing to be social workers, but note that other professionals who work with non-native speakers could benefit from a similar program. Use the following guidelines to determine how to correctly cite works by multiple authors in text.
Retrieved from references should immediately follow the title, word, or phrase to which they are directly relevant, rather than appearing at the end of long clauses or sentences.
But how exactly do you write an acknowledgement of a source you incorporated into your paper? The following guide can help you write citations in the American Psyschological Association (APA) style.
(And yes, the APA style is used by many different disciplines, not just psychology).
During the summer of 2009 the APA published the 6th edition of its Publication Manual.
This revised edition embodies changes to multiple different citation formats -- citations for Internet-based media in particular, but other formats as well.
Include an in-text citation when you refer to, summarize, paraphrase, or quote from another source. Retrieved from page with no date: In-text citation Establishing regular routines, such as exercise, can help survivors of disasters recover from trauma (American Psychological Association [APA], n.d.). In-text references should always precede punctuation marks. Author's name in parentheses: One study found that the most important element in comprehending non-native speech is familiarity with the topic (Gass & Varonis, 1984).
For every in-text citation in your paper, there must be a corresponding entry in your reference list. Training strategies for improving listeners' comprehension of foreign-accented speech (Doctoral dissertation). Cite web pages in text as you would any other source, using the author and date if known. Retrieved from Web page with no author: In-text citation The term Nittany Lion was coined by Penn State football player Joe Mason in 1904 ("All things Nittany," 2006). Reference entry American Psychological Association. Author's name part of narrative: Gass and Varonis (1984) found that the most important element in comprehending non-native speech is familiarity with the topic.