6 Basic Principles Of The Constitution Essay

6 Basic Principles Of The Constitution Essay-88
In 594 BC, Solon, the ruler of Athens, created the new Solonian Constitution.It eased the burden of the workers, and determined that membership of the ruling class was to be based on wealth (plutocracy), rather than on birth (aristocracy).According to Scott Gordon, a political organization is constitutional to the extent that it "contain[s] institutionalized mechanisms of power control for the protection of the interests and liberties of the citizenry, including those that may be in the minority".

In 594 BC, Solon, the ruler of Athens, created the new Solonian Constitution.It eased the burden of the workers, and determined that membership of the ruling class was to be based on wealth (plutocracy), rather than on birth (aristocracy).According to Scott Gordon, a political organization is constitutional to the extent that it "contain[s] institutionalized mechanisms of power control for the protection of the interests and liberties of the citizenry, including those that may be in the minority".

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Some of the better-known ancient law codes include the code of Lipit-Ishtar of Isin, the code of Hammurabi of Babylonia, the Hittite code, the Assyrian code and Mosaic law.

In 621 BC, a scribe named Draco codified the cruel oral laws of the city-state of Athens; this code prescribed the death penalty for many offences (nowadays very severe rules are often called "Draconian").

Cleisthenes again reformed the Athenian constitution and set it on a democratic footing in 508 BC.

Aristotle (ca 350 BC) was the first to make a formal distinction between ordinary law and constitutional law, establishing ideas of constitution and constitutionalism, and attempting to classify different forms of constitutional government.

A treaty which establishes an international organization is also its constitution, in that it would define how that organization is constituted.

Within states, a constitution defines the principles upon which the state is based, the procedure in which laws are made and by whom.

He classified both what he regarded as good and what he regarded as bad constitutions, and came to the conclusion that the best constitution was a mixed system, including monarchic, aristocratic, and democratic elements.

He also distinguished between citizens, who had the right to participate in the state, and non-citizens and slaves, who did not.

The Romans first codified their constitution in 450 BC as the Twelve Tables.

They operated under a series of laws that were added from time to time, but Roman law was not reorganised into a single code until the Codex Theodosianus (AD 438); later, in the Eastern Empire, the Codex repetitæ prælectionis (534) was highly influential throughout Europe.

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